• What is Intelligence? A question that needs specification:
• What is Intelligence in Psychology, (child development, capability tests, IQ tests)
• A note on science
• What is Intelligence in Philosophy?
o Recap on environmental encoding,
o human machine comparison,
o the virtues of rationality and the virtues of partially automatized capabilities (the outcome of learning and training)
o difference learning and training
In nearly all of the past colloquia about Artificial Intelligence, someone in the audience asked
the question, what intelligence generally is. This is in fact a very basic question – if we don´t
know what intelligence is, we cannot attribute it to a specific subject, may it be a human
being, an adult, a child, an animal or a machine.
The talk looks at intelligence from the perspective of philosophy of language and
philosophy of mind. From a semantic view we see that there is not only no clear definition of
Intelligence, but also conceptual implications which may cause problems. We tend to think
that intelligent beings have certain abilities or properties like extensive knowledge or a very
quick way to understand things. But if we assume knowledge and understanding, we also
have to assume consciousness. That is not only a very demanding presupposition but also
opens the door to questions of philosophy of mind: what is thinking, what is understanding
and especially, what is consciousness.
To avoid questions of philosophy of mind when attributing intelligence, the talk suggests
a minimalist concept of intelligence.
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